CM Speech on first meeting of this Sub-Group on Swachh Bharat Mission- 30 April, 2015, Niti Ayog, New Delhi. 30-04-2015
Hon’ble Chairman and Members ! At the outset, I thank the Chairman for convening the first meeting of this Sub-Group on Swachh Bharat Mission. This mission has a revolutionary potential to change our country. Yet, it is perhaps the most challenging task to accomplish. 2. Haryana is committed to achieving the goals laid down under the Swachh Bharat Mission. We have already achieved 86% coverage of Individual Household Latrines in rural areas. We have successfully developed the three ponds system for Liquid Waste Management in 50 villages and are now developing a 5 pond system. Pilot projects are under way to test the new design and technology. 3. In urban areas, 6 Solid Waste Management projects have been setup and one more is being established. We are mobilizing funds under Corporate Social Responsibility for construction of toilets in the schools. We are on track to construct separate toilets for boys and girls in all schools by June, 2015. But as I said in the beginning, challenges abound. 4. Mr. Chairman, I would like to emphazise the need for breaking the “silos” in which bureaucracies naturally think and work for the success of any “mission.” I would touch upon a few challenges that have arisen in the context of Swacch Bharat Mission that we must address. 5. This Mission officially has two sub missions–Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) for villages and Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) for urban areas. However, we have nothing for peri-urban areas and what are called “Census Towns”. These are the areas where urbanization happens at a fast pace but usually there is neither a Panchayat nor a municipal body to look after their sanitation needs. Even when these are provided by a Panchayat, like in Haryana, the available funds fall short of their actual needs. 6. Similarly, when a village gets added to the territory of a municipal body, its legal status changes overnight but not the lifestyles of its residents. The provisioning of services by the municipal body takes its own time. The interregnum presents a pathetic situation from the view point of Swacch Bharat Mission. 7. These examples call for the setting up of a separate Sub-Mission for peri-urban and urban areas. In this context, let me add that municipal bodies are usually very reluctant to provide sanitation and water services in slums and unauthorised colonies. A missionary approach to creating a clean India requires that full attention is paid to these deprived areas. We could consider earmarking of certain percentage of funds under SBM (Urban) for slums. 8. Mr. Chairman, the guidelines of the SBM-G of Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation and that of the SBM-U of Ministry of Urban Development are naturally different. But some of these differences are of serious concern. 9. Thus, while Liquid Waste Management for rural areas is a key component under SBM-G, laying sewerage lines or setting up sewerage treatment plant in urban areas has not been included in SBM-U. Similarly, while central assistance for individual latrines is Rs 12000 under SBM-G, it is only Rs 4000 under SBM-U. The two should be at par at least for slums, peri-urban areas and those where sewerage system is not available. 10. My third suggestion is that we must pay close attention to development of comprehensive solutions and also to the life cycle costs of these solutions. A piecemeal and ad-hocist approach has no place in a mission mode project. Each village or town has to be taken as a composite project area for developing an end to end solution. In the process, it may happen that for a particular village, the cost of a Solid and Liquid Waste Management Project crosses the presently admissible cost under SBM-G, i.e., Rs 7 lakh to Rs 20 lakh. The caps should, therefore, be flexible. Excess funds can be made available through Swachh Bharat Kosh set up by the Government of India. 11. Attention to life cycle project cost is important to ensure sustainability. This can be done only if adequate provisions are made for operation and maintenance including manpower costs. It is unfortunate that presently, O&M cost is not included in the project cost under the Gramin Sub-Mission. 12. At the end, I would like to mention need for promoting innovations under the Mission. Dedicated funds for innovation and piloting new technologies which are cost effective, sustainable and ecologically safe should be created. In urban areas, funds could be provided for pilot projects on night sweeping of roads given the financial and administrative constraints faced by most municipal corporations. We have an example of buses having been provided under the Urban Renewal Mission for city transport service. 13. Thank you very much for the time given to me. I hope that our deliberations will result in effective recommendations that would help in realizing the collective dream of Swachh Bharat ably inspired by our Hon’ble Prime Minister. Jai Hind !